DEFINITIONS OF COMMUNITY RESILIENCE: AN ANALYSIS
The word Resilience has become popular currency in disaster management. But there is no single definition which can be used universally. The Community and Regional Resilience Institute (CARRI) has made effort to analyze the definitions of
Word and definition of Resilience
Resilience word is derived from the Latin resalire which means to spring back. This word is used an important term in the language of many disciplines ranging from psychology to ecology. The definitions which are most valuable in terms of improving the ability of communities to recover after disasters explicitly or implicitly contain the following five core concepts:
Resilience began being used in terms of disasters, especially by the engineering community (particularly referring to physical infrastructure), in the 1980’s, and was related to the concept of being able to absorb and recover from hazardous event. Since that time, hybrid definitions have arisen that combine the engineering with the ecological, or the ecological with the behavioral.
Classification of Definition
Since 1978 till date several definitions have been given by an individual or agencies. Which can be classified in different category?
Useful Definition by CARRI
Each definition has value and has led to positive contributions within its domain. The Community and Regional Resilience Institute (CARRI) is focused on enhancing the resilience of communities.
CARRI reached to the conclusion that a definition useful for improving the ability of a community to regain functionality after a disaster dhould embody the following core concepts:
|Hazard||lightning, heat wave, flood, earthquake, climate Change, drought,|
|Location||Araria, Arwal, Aurangabad, Banka, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Bhojpur, Buxar, Darbhanga, East Champaran, Gaya, Gopalganj, Jamui, Jehanabad, Kaimur, Katihar, Khagaria, Kishanganj, Lakhisarai, Madhepura, Madhubani, Monghyr, Muzaffarpur, Nalanda, Nawada, Patna, Purnea, Rohtas, Saharsa, Samastipur, Saran, Sheohar, Shiekhpura, Sitamarhi, Siwan, Supaul, Vaishali, West Champaran,|
|Theme||resilient villages, resilient livelihoods, resilient basic services, resilient critical infrastructure, resilient cities, miscellaneous,|
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