Social and Economic Change in rural Bihar –High Social and Economical Vulnerability- Sambal member upload

Social and Economic Change in rural Bihar –High Social and Economical Vulnerability SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHANGE IN RURAL BIHAR, study report by Institute for human development New Delhi, revealed the there is high social-economical vulnerability in

BY: Sanjay Pandey
Organization: Yuganter
Original Source / Author: Institute for Human Development 21 Jun, 2017
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Social and Economic Change in rural Bihar –High Social and Economical Vulnerability

 

 

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHANGE IN RURAL BIHAR, study report by Institute for human development New Delhi, revealed the there is high social-economical vulnerability in rural areas in Bihar.

 

Productive capacity of local economy

 

Productive capacity of the economy has not improved much. The agriculture has not been able to provide enough employment for a growing population. Its dependency on the vagaries of weather has not reduced while the threat of flood and drought is increasing. The employment opportunities outside agriculture have not been rising.

 

 

Living conditions

 

Living standard is poor for the majority of people. Over half of houses are still kaccha and about 80% of the surveyed households did not have electricity. A small minority of the households has toilets. Drinking water facilities have improved. Rural areas of Bihar suffer from relatively high mortality and malnutrition, particularly among women and children and wide prevalence of several kinds of diseases. There is acute lack of health infrastructure.

 

Social Exclusion

 

There is widespread social exclusion, which is most visible in exclusion from land of lower     caste groups. 81% Scheduled Caste and OBC I, 65% households are landless.

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