Social and Economic Change in rural Bihar –High Social and Economical Vulnerability
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHANGE IN RURAL BIHAR, study report by Institute for human development New Delhi, revealed the there is high social-economical vulnerability in rural areas in Bihar.
Productive capacity of local economy
Productive capacity of the economy has not improved much. The agriculture has not been able to provide enough employment for a growing population. Its dependency on the vagaries of weather has not reduced while the threat of flood and drought is increasing. The employment opportunities outside agriculture have not been rising.
Living standard is poor for the majority of people. Over half of houses are still kaccha and about 80% of the surveyed households did not have electricity. A small minority of the households has toilets. Drinking water facilities have improved. Rural areas of Bihar suffer from relatively high mortality and malnutrition, particularly among women and children and wide prevalence of several kinds of diseases. There is acute lack of health infrastructure.
There is widespread social exclusion, which is most visible in exclusion from land of lower caste groups. 81% Scheduled Caste and OBC I, 65% households are landless.
|Hazard||lightning, heat wave, flood, earthquake, climate Change, drought,|
|Location||Araria, Arwal, Aurangabad, Banka, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Bhojpur, Buxar, Darbhanga, East Champaran, Gaya, Gopalganj, Jamui, Jehanabad, Kaimur, Katihar, Khagaria, Kishanganj, Lakhisarai, Madhepura, Madhubani, Monghyr, Muzaffarpur, Nalanda, Nawada, Patna, Purnea, Rohtas, Saharsa, Samastipur, Saran, Sheohar, Shiekhpura, Sitamarhi, Siwan, Supaul, Vaishali, West Champaran,|
© 2019 - Disaster Management Department, Government of Bihar