Leading social vulnerability Drivers to Flood
A meta-analysis of 67 flood disaster case studies (1997– 2013) help to make a profile of the leading drivers to measure the social vulnerability to floods. It reflects the context in which vulnerability occurs.
Social vulnerability Drivers/Indicators
Demographic characteristics Socio-economic status health, coping capacity, risk perception, land tenure, neighborhood characteristics, and governance are main drivers. They are thematic indicators of social vulnerability in the case of floods.
Interconnectivity among indicators
The circle shows that there is interconnectivity among all indicators. Demographic characteristics, socio-economic status, and health are the leading empirical drivers of social vulnerability to damaging flood events. Demographic characteristics are the most frequently appearing indicators of social vulnerability to floods, especially in the disaster response and recovery stages. Indicators of socio economic status had the second highest frequency of occurrence, involving the response phase. Race, gender, age, and income are principal drivers of a population’s ability to prepare for, respond to, and recover from damaging flood events. The findings highlight that not all drivers have a consistent influence on social vulnerability. There is considerable variation in the effect of vulnerability drivers’ through-out the temporal progression of a flood disaster.
|Hazard||lightning, heat wave, flood, earthquake, climate Change, drought,|
|Location||Araria, Arwal, Aurangabad, Banka, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Bhojpur, Buxar, Darbhanga, East Champaran, Gaya, Gopalganj, Jamui, Jehanabad, Kaimur, Katihar, Khagaria, Kishanganj, Lakhisarai, Madhepura, Madhubani, Monghyr, Muzaffarpur, Nalanda, Nawada, Patna, Purnea, Rohtas, Saharsa, Samastipur, Saran, Sheohar, Shiekhpura, Sitamarhi, Siwan, Supaul, Vaishali, West Champaran,|
|Theme||resilient villages, resilient livelihoods, resilient basic services, resilient critical infrastructure, resilient cities, miscellaneous,|
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