The impact of disaster on children context specific- finding of study
Knowledge Community on Children in India (KCCI), conducted a study to assess the child-specific impacts of floods (hydrological disaster),droughts (climatological disaster) and Japanese Encephalitis/Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (epidemic and biological disaster) in the districts of Bahraich, Gonda, Gorakhpur, and Lalitpur in Uttar Pradesh, and Khagaria district in Bihar.
Key findings of this study are as follows:
1. The impacts of disasters on children are highly context-specific. Vulnerability of children is predominantly determined by exposure, cultural practices, socio-economic status, and the capacity of public institutions in the community.
2. Disasters have varied impacts on children, which can be categorized as education, nutrition, water and sanitation, health and safety, psychosocial, and economic impacts.
3. The type of disaster is a key determinant of impacts on children. As malnutrition is the crucial underlying impact of droughts. The disruptive effects on education emerge as a recurring concern for children affected by floods.
4. Government relief and response operations are based on generic approach. Negligible attention is paid to the specific needs of children. It compounds the impact of disaster.
Based on these findings, the study makes on important recommendation for the adoption of a child-focused approach in all disaster management.
|Hazard||lightning, heat wave, flood, earthquake, climate Change, drought,|
|Location||Araria, Arwal, Aurangabad, Banka, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Bhojpur, Buxar, Darbhanga, East Champaran, Gaya, Gopalganj, Jamui, Jehanabad, Kaimur, Katihar, Khagaria, Kishanganj, Lakhisarai, Madhepura, Madhubani, Monghyr, Muzaffarpur, Nalanda, Nawada, Patna, Purnea, Rohtas, Saharsa, Samastipur, Saran, Sheohar, Shiekhpura, Sitamarhi, Siwan, Supaul, Vaishali, West Champaran,|
|Theme||resilient villages, resilient livelihoods, resilient basic services, resilient critical infrastructure, resilient cities, miscellaneous,|
© 2019 - Disaster Management Department, Government of Bihar