THE IMPORTANCE OF GOVERNANCE IN RISK REDUCTION AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT
The paper written by Joachim Ahrensn and Patrick M. Rudolphnn explores the relationship between good governance and disaster risk reduction. It identifies institutional failure as the root cause for susceptibility to disasters and underdevelopment in any country. It is country’s governance structure that enables the implementation and enforcement of public policies to achieve the goal of sustainable livelihoods and reduce susceptibility to disasters.
The success of country to reduce risk critically depends on the political leadership ’commitment and ability to implement and enforce appropriate policies. This eventually depends on the quality of a country’s governance structure, i.e. the interplay of economic and political, formal and informal institutions which determine the process of public policy making. Institutional failure results in bad governance which is considered as the root cause of both disasters and underdevelopment
Paper points out that there exists the vicious circle between underdevelopment and susceptibility to disaster, risk reduction and disaster management. This vicious circle can be broken by integrating DRR and Disaster management to the sustainable development.
It needs effective governance structure with key feature of accountability, participation, predictability and transparency. Good governance fosters development and supports risk reduction.
|Hazard||lightning, heat wave, flood, earthquake, climate Change, drought,|
|Document||policy, practice, theory,|
|Location||Araria, Arwal, Aurangabad, Banka, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Bhojpur, Buxar, Darbhanga, East Champaran, Gaya, Gopalganj, Jamui, Jehanabad, Kaimur, Katihar, Khagaria, Kishanganj, Lakhisarai, Madhepura, Madhubani, Monghyr, Muzaffarpur, Nalanda, Nawada, Patna, Purnea, Rohtas, Saharsa, Samastipur, Saran, Sheohar, Shiekhpura, Sitamarhi, Siwan, Supaul, Vaishali, West Champaran,|
|Theme||resilient villages, resilient livelihoods, resilient basic services, resilient critical infrastructure, resilient cities, miscellaneous,|
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