Drinking water quality in rural India: Issues and approaches
Indira Khurana and Romit Sen, Water Aid
Lack of safe and secure drinking water continues to be a major hurdle in development. It is national economic burden. Background Paper, prepared by water Aid suggests that Rural India has more than 700 million people They reside in about 1.42 million habitations which are spread over 15 diverse ecological regions. Of these 1,95,813 habitations in the country are affected by poor water quality Around 37.7 million Indians are affected by waterborne diseases annually, 1.5 million children are estimated to die of diarrhea alone.73 million working days are lost due to water borne disease each year. The resulting economic burden is estimated at $600 million a year. While ‘traditional diseases’ such as diarrhea continue to take a heavy toll, 66 million Indians are at risk due to this. The paper indicates that by around 2020, India will be a ‘water stressed' state with per capita availability declining to 1600 cu m/person/year. A country is said to be water stressed when the per capita availability of water drops below 1700 cu. m/person/year. This stress increases when the availability of pure drinking water deteriorates sharply.
|Hazard||lightning, heat wave, flood, earthquake, Climate Change, drought,|
|Location||Araria, Arwal, Aurangabad, Banka, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Bhojpur, Buxar, Darbhanga, East Champaran, Gaya, Gopalganj, Jamui, Jehanabad, Kaimur, Katihar, Khagaria, Kishanganj, Lakhisarai, Madhepura, Madhubani, Monghyr, Muzaffarpur, Nalanda, Nawada, Patna, Purnea, Rohtas, Saharsa, Samastipur, Saran, Sheohar, Shiekhpura, Sitamarhi, Siwan, Supaul, Vaishali, West Champaran,|
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