WASH and DRR Public Private Partnership
WASH becomes an important issue any disaster. It emerges as challenge to provide WASH facilities to vulnerable population or victim of disasters. This paper enhances understanding of how the resilience of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) systems to hazards can be improved. In turn, this aims to inform different strategies for public and private partnerships (PPPs). It provides a new approach, to acknowledge the multilevel led nature of resilience; risk at the relevant levels are taken in to account,(regional/river basin, urban area, and individual). It describes the different components of risk, vulnerability and resilience of the WASH system that influence people's exposure to hazards. Using a social learning lens-a crucial ingredient of resilience, it examines the opportunities for reducing risks through improving public–private engagement.
The paper also recommends that there is a need to develop an institutional culture that strives towards greener and more resilient urban environments with the help of various quality assurance methods. Partnerships must reach the poorer customer base, encourage informal small entrepreneurs, and boost financial mechanisms (e.g.micro-insurance, micro-finance) to support the most vulnerable in society.
|Hazard||lightning, heat wave, flood, earthquake, Climate Change, drought,|
|Location||Araria, Arwal, Aurangabad, Banka, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Bhojpur, Buxar, Darbhanga, East Champaran, Gaya, Gopalganj, Jamui, Jehanabad, Kaimur, Katihar, Khagaria, Kishanganj, Lakhisarai, Madhepura, Madhubani, Monghyr, Muzaffarpur, Nalanda, Nawada, Patna, Purnea, Rohtas, Saharsa, Samastipur, Saran, Sheohar, Shiekhpura, Sitamarhi, Siwan, Supaul, Vaishali, West Champaran,|
|Theme||resilient villages, resilient livelihoods, resilient basic services, resilient critical infrastructure, resilient cities, miscellaneous,|
© 2019 - Disaster Management Department, Government of Bihar