Ecosystem Of India
India is signatory to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Therefore it is committed not only to the conservation of its biodiversity but also to sustainable and equitable utilization of its genetic resources. The paper is a compendium of practice, a synthesis of insights into biodiversity conservation related research and technology in the country. it is a source of ideas for way forward. Indian region has over 130,000 species of plants and animals which have been scientifically documented. The country has been referred to as one of the top mega diversity region of the globe with only 2.5% of the global land area. Of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots, India harbor four hotspots, i.e., Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland. The richness of the biodiversity of the region is largely due to the existence of rich diversity of species, genetic and ecological variabilities. It is found in different biogeographically and bio-climatically defined zones. In terms of plant diversity, India ranks tenth in the world and fourth in Asia. . India represents nearly 11% of the world’s known floral diversity . it has over 45,500 plant species. The paper gives roadmap for future research.
|Hazard||lightning, heat wave, flood, earthquake, Climate Change, drought,|
|Location||Araria, Arwal, Aurangabad, Banka, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Bhojpur, Buxar, Darbhanga, East Champaran, Gaya, Gopalganj, Jamui, Jehanabad, Kaimur, Katihar, Khagaria, Kishanganj, Lakhisarai, Madhepura, Madhubani, Monghyr, Muzaffarpur, Nalanda, Nawada, Patna, Purnea, Rohtas, Saharsa, Samastipur, Saran, Sheohar, Shiekhpura, Sitamarhi, Siwan, Supaul, Vaishali, West Champaran,|
|Theme||resilient villages, resilient livelihoods, resilient basic services, resilient critical infrastructure, resilient cities, miscellaneous,|
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