DROUGHT- Sambal member upload

Besides drought proofing, these measures help in adapting to climate change, restoring ecological balance and bringing development benefits to the people.State Governments are primarily responsible for mitigation of drought.

Original Source / Author: NDMA,GOI 08 Jan, 2018

Drought is a natural hazard that differs from other hazards as it has a slow onset, evolves over months or even years and affects small pockets to a large regional expanse. Its onset and severity are often difficult to determine. As a result, there is a lack of urgency in response. regions are to make progress in reducing the serious consequences of drought, they must improve their understanding of the hazard and the factors that influence vulnerability. Separate Drought Monitoring Cells (DMCs) will be created at the state level with adequate staff under the control of State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMA’s). The Irrigation Commission (1972) set up by Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India (GoI) has defined those areas that experience meteorological drought in 20 percent of years as drought prone areas and those experiencing meteorological drought in more than 40 percent of years as chronic drought prone areas. The National Commission on Agriculture recognized an agricultural drought when at least four consecutive weeks receive less than half of the normal rainfall (< 5 mm) during kharif or six such consecutive weeks in rabi. Hanumatha Rao committee (1994) suggested climatic variables as well as irrigated area and source of irrigation be used to redefine drought prone districts.Prevention and Preparedness means predisaster activities designed to increase the level of readiness and improvement of operational and institutional capabilities for responding to a drought. Drought prevention and preparedness involve water supply augmentation and conservation (e.g. rainwater harvesting techniques), expansion of irrigation facilities, effective dealing with drought, and public awareness and education. Transport and communication links are a must to ensure supply of food and other commodities during and just after a drought. Successful drought management requires community awareness on the mitigation strategies, insurance schemes for farmers, crop contingency plans, etc.

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