Title- Koshi Flood 2008- Sambal member upload

This is the survey report done by the UNDP. This report includes socio economic characteristics, People’s Experience of the Floods, Impact of the Floods on Infrastructure and Livelihoods, Coping Mechanisms, Recovery Strategies, Conclusions and Policy Im

BY: MUKESH KUMAR
Organization: CENTRAL UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH BIHAR
Original Source / Author: N/AUnited Nations Development Programme, 2009. 08 Jan, 2018
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The massive Kosi River floods of August 2008 caused unprecedented loss to lives, livelihoods, infrastructure and property in north-eastern Bihar. Although floods have been a recurring feature in parts of the state, the 2008 floods were not usual. The Kosi burst its embankments and changed course, inundating areas of Bihar that had not experienced such flooding for half a century. About 1,000 villages in five districts (Araria, Madhepura, Purnia, Saharsa and Supaul) were affected, involving three million people, of whom about one million were evacuated. 

Both the local economy and livelihoods were severely disrupted, and there was massive damage at both the village and household levels. Among villages; the losses were focused on roads, public infrastructure, and electricity and irrigation systems, while at the household level, the losses were more in terms of lives, livestock, agricultural operations and employment opportunities. Ill health also contributed to loss of livelihoods.
Almost all households, across social groups (93 percent), reported income losses of more than 50 percent, during the first three months after the floods, a very significant observation given that most of the affected people eke out their living by casual labour and agricultural work. Households across social groups also reported the loss of work implements, household goods, stored food and other items, rendering them completely dependent on the Government for relief and rehabilitation.
The valuation of houses damaged stands at around Rs.880 crores (US$ 195 million). Enormous amounts of goods were lost, including foodgrains and domestic items estimated to be worth Rs.400 crores (nearly US$ 88 million) and Rs.155 crores (US$ 34 million) respectively.

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