Climate Variability and Change in Bihar Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Crop Production- Sambal member upload

Climate Variability and Change in Bihar Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Crop Production The aim of this study was to identify near-term (2030) and mid-term (2050)Climate risks and/or opportunities in the state of Bihar. It is one of India

BY: Trishala Singh
Original Source / Author: MDPI 08 Jan, 2018
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Climate Variability and Change in Bihar Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable
Crop Production

The aim of this study was to identify near-term (2030) and mid-term (2050)Climate risks and/or opportunities in the state of Bihar. It is one of India’s most populous and poorest states. It  uses  weather data for 30 years (1980–2009) as a baseline. Rainfall, maximum and minimum Temperatures and evapotranspiration will all increase in the near- and mid-term periods relative to the baseline period. Bihar’s major climate risks for crop production will be heat stress due to increasing Minimum temperatures in the rabi (winter) season and high minimum and maximum temperatures In the spring season; and intense rainfall and longer dry spells in the kharif (monsoon) season. The increase in annual and seasonal rainfall amounts, and extended crop growing period in the kharif season generally provide opportunities; but increasing temperature across the state will have considerable negative consequences on (staple) crops. Because it  affects  crop phenology, physiology and plant-water relations. The study helps develop site-specific adaptation and mitigation options that minimize the negative effects of climate change while maximizing the opportunities.

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