It may be impossible to stop natural disasters from occurring. However, it is possible to use human ingenuity to reduce the damage they do. Novel ideas put into effective practice can protect people’s lives and livelihoods in times of disasters.

Original Source / Author: JICA 08 Jan, 2018

Cyclones form in the Bay of Bengal between Southeast Asia and the Indian sub-continent. In April of 2008, the massive Cyclone Nargis hit Myanmar, which was one of the poorest countries in the world at that time. The country was run by a military regime, and disaster risk reduction measures were not sufficient. The damage caused by the cyclone was among the worst in the history of Myanmar, and the number of dead and missing totaled 140,000. 

Typhoon Yolanda hit the Philippines in November of 2013. The Eastern Visayas region, which was directly hit by the typhoon, experienced catastrophic damage, with 80% of the houses collapsing. 

Bangkok’s traffic congestion has worsened dramatically with the city’s economic growth. The increasing traffic congestion requires urgent improvement, as it is not only inconvenient but also creates dangerous air pollution.  

Nepal is a landlocked country located between India and China. The country is dependent on importing various goods, mostly from India, which are transported by vehicles. The Terai plain, which lies near the border with India, is the country’s center of agriculture. The route from the capital city Katmandu through the Terai region to India is a lifeline for Nepal. However, there was only one road connecting these areas in the past. A road closure due to landslides or other disasters caused serious problems, as it shut down logistics completely. 

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Government of Bihar

Disaster Management Department